Habitat 6220* Pseudo-steppe with grasses and annuals of the Thero-Brachypodietea

See habitat register entry

GENERAL INFORMATION 

015 JuanThese are pastures with a wide variety of communities and diversity, of variable coverage and composed of perennial or annual grasses along with other annual species, as well as geophytes and hemicryptophytes. They develop, in general, on more or less deep neutral or limestone and even rocky substrates.

Among them there are pastures that develop in spring, consisting of annual species and a group of perennial grasses formed of larger plants, bunchgrasses, amongst which we highlight Lygeum spartum, Esparto grass areas (characterised by Stipa tenacissima), Brachypodium retusum, thatching grass (Hyparrhenia hirta) or Poa bulbosa, amongst others.

In these pastures, there are many endemic species and protected species amongst which are Linaria nigricans or Silene stockenii.

WHERE CAN IT BE FOUND?

In Europe, this habitat is found in the Alpine, Atlantic, Continental and Mediterranean regions.
In Spain, this habitat is distributed around the country, which gives it great diversity. In Andalusia, it is distributed around the territory, however it is scarce in the Guadalquivir valley.

WHAT ARE THE THREATS?

  • Change of uses due to agriculture.
    Urbanisation.
    Presence of invasive exotic species.
    Competition of native species.

IMPROVEMENTS TO BE MADE

1. Protection of the habitat.
2. Control of changes of use in land dedicated to pastures.
3. Control of invasive species.
4. Improving the knowledge and perception of citizens.

Representative species of sub-steppe areas of grasses and annuals of Thero-Brachypodietea: