Habitat 2270* Wooded dunes with Pinus pinea and/or Pinus pinaster


See habitat register entry


168This habitat is present on the Andalusian Atlantic coast in the provinces of Cadiz and Huelva and on some points of the Mediterranean coast of Malaga. It corresponds to the stabilised strip of the dune system, further away from the marine influence covered with mature arboreal vegetation, such as stone pine (Pinus pinea) forests, sporadically accompanied by maritime pine and Aleppo pine (Pinus pinaster and Pinus halepensis), often from former forest repopulations carried out with the aim of stopping dunes from advancing.

The most characteristic coastal pine forests on sand and coastal dunes are those of stone pine. Since it is a habitat favoured by people, some authors consider them to occupy areas where other formations such as cork oak or Juniperus phoenicea turbinata forests should be temporarily established. Therefore, they are characterised by vegetation dominated by stone pine (Pinus Pinea) and maritime pine (Pinus pinaster), which are accompanied by scrubland species characteristic of other coastal habitats such as Portuguese crowberry (Corema album), Stauracanthus genistoides, Juniperus phoenicea turbinata, mastic (Pistacia lentiscus), Italian buckthorn (Rhamnus alaternus), Phillyrea angustifolia, rough bindweed (Smilax aspera) or wild madder (Rubia peregrina), amongst others.


In Europe, this habitat is rooted in the Atlantic and Mediterranean regions.
In Spain, it is found on the Atlantic coastline (provinces of Huelva and Cadiz) and on the Mediterranean coastline (Gerona, Valencia, Alicante, Malaga, Mallorca and Barcelona).


  • Urban pressure. Increase of public use.
    Presence of invasive exotic species.
    Inadequate forestry management (actions aimed at favouring pines versus other accompanying species).
    Increased risk of forest fires.


1. Control of the passage and parking of vehicles.
2. Regulation of access and public use activities (trekking, horse riding and quad riding, amongst others).
3. Information and environmental awareness raising.
4. Implementation of good forestry practices, in accordance with the natural values and the prevention of fire risks.

Coastal landscapes with Pinus spp.: